Latin America Flags and Facts

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ARGENTINA | BELIZ | BOLIVIA | BRAZIL | CHILE | COLOMBIA | COSTA RICA | CUBA | DOMINICAN REPUBLIC | ECUADOR | EL SALVADOR | GUATEMALA | GUYANA | HONDURAS | MEXICO | NICARAGUA | PANAMA | PARAGUAY | PERU | PUERTO RICO | SURINAME | URUGUAY | VENEZUELA

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Argentina

Flag Official Title: Republic of Argentina
Capitol: Buenos Aires
Population: 32,901,000
Area: 1,065,189 sq. miles
Official Language: Spanish
Geographical Borders: Chile on West, Bolivia and Paraguay on North, Brazil and Uruguay on North East
Monetary Unit: Peso

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Beliz

Flag Official Title: Beliz
Capital: Belmopan
Population: 143,386
Area: 8,867sq. miles
Official Language: English
Geographical Borders: Mexico on North, Guatemala on West, Caribbean Sea on South East
Monetary Unit: Belizean Dollar
    Economic Overview:
  • Chief Products- bananas, corn, grapefruit, oranges, sugarcane, fishing, conches, lobster,shrimp
  • Manufacturing and Processing- cement, clothing, sugar

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Bolivia

Flag Official Title: Republic of Bolivia
Capital: Sucre
Population: 6,448,297
Area: 424,164 sq. miles
Official Language: Spanish, Quecha, Aymara
Geographical Borders: Brazil on North and East, Paraguay and Argentina on South, Peru and Chile on West
Monetary Unit: Peso Boliviano
    Economic Overview:
  • Agriculture- 50%
  • Services and Utilities- 26%
  • Manufacturing- 10%
  • Mining- 4%

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Brazil

Flag Official Title: Federative Republic of Brazil
Capital: Brasilia
Population: 158,739,000
Area: 3,286,470 sq. miles
Official Language: Portuguese
Geographical Borders: French Guiana, Suriname, Guyana, Venezuela on North, Colombia, Peru, Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina on West, Uruguay on South
Monetary Unit: Cruzeirs
    Economic Overview:
  • Steel, Autos, Ships, Appliances, Machinery, Chromium, Iron, Manganese, Diamonds, Gold, Nickel, Gem Stones, Tin, Bauxite, and Oil

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Chile

Flag Official Title: Republic of Chile
Capital: Santiago
Population: 13,951,000
Area: 292,135 sq. miles
Official Language: Spanish
Geographical Borders: Bolivia on East, Argentina on West, Pacific Ocean on South, Peru on North
Monetary Unit: Peso
    Economic Overview:
  • Industry- Fish, Wood Products, Iron, Steel
  • Chief Crops- Grain, Onions, Beans
  • Minerals- Copper

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Colombia

Flag Official Title: Republic of Colombia
Capital: Bogota
Population: 35,600,000
Area: 439,735 sq. miles
Official Language: Spanish
Geographical Borders: Ecuador and Peru on South, Brazil and Venezuela on East, Panama on Northwest
Monetary Unit: Peso
    Economic Overview:
  • Products- coffee, bananas, rice, corn, sugarcane, cotton, tobacco, oilseeds
  • Industry- textiles, processed food, beverages, chemicals, cement
  • Natural Resources- petroleum, natural gas, coal, iron ore, nickel, gold, copper, emeralds
Interesting Facts: Colombia is the only country in South America that has boarders on both the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. It is nearly equal in size to the combined states of California and Texas.
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Costa Rica

Flag Official Title: Republic of Costa Rica
Capital: San Jose
Population: 2,300,000
Area: 19,575 sq. miles
Official Language: Spanish
Geographical Borders: Nicaragua, Caribbean Sea, Panama, and Pacific Ocean
Monetary Unit: Colon
    Economic Overview:
  • Agriculture Products- coffee, bananas, tobacco
  • Minerals- gold, bauxite
  • Exports- coffee, bananas, cocoa, beef cattle
  • Imports- machinery, transportation equipment
Interesting Facts: Costa Rica means "Rich Coast" in Spanish
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Cuba

Flag Official Title: Cuba
Capital: Havana
Population: 106,555
Area: 42,804 sq. miles
Official Language: Spanish
Geographical Borders: Caribbean Sea, Atlantic Ocean, Gulf of Mexico
Monetary Unit: Peso
    Economic Overview:
  • Agriculture- citrus fruits, coffee, milk, sugarcane, tobacco, vegetables
  • Manufacturing- cement, cigars, fertilizers, refined petroleum, refined sugar, rum, textiles
  • Mining- chromium, iron, nickel

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Dominican Republic

Flag Official Title: Republica Dominicana
Capital: Santo Domingo
Population: 7,826,000
Area: 18,704 sq. miles
Official Language: Spanish
Geographical Borders: Haiti on West, Atlantic Ocean to North, Caribbean Sea to South
Monetary Unit: Peso
    Economic Overview:
  • Sugar, cocoa, coffee, tobacco, rice, cattle, pigs, nickel, gold, silver, timber, cement, pharmaceuticals

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Ecuador

Flag Official Title: Republic of Ecuador
Capital: Quito
Population: 10,262,271
Area: 109,483 sq. miles
Official Language: Spanish
Geographical Borders: Columbia on North, Peru on South and East, Pacific Ocean on West
Monetary Unit: Sucre
    Economic Overview:
  • Manufacturing- cottons, petroleum products, chemicals, flour, cement
  • Exports- petroleum, bananas, coffee, cocoa, sugar

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El Salvador

Flag Official Title: Republic of El Salvador
Capital: San Salvador
Population: 5,515,000
Area: 8,124 sq. miles
Official Language: Spanish
Geographical Borders: Honduras to Northeast, Guatemala to Northwest, Pacific Ocean to South
Monetary Unit: colon
    Economic Overview:
  • Silver, gold, fertile volcanic soil, fishing, coffee, cotton, sugarcane

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Guatemala

Flag Official Title: Guatemala
Capital: Guatemala City
Population: 9,734,000
Area: 42,042 sq. miles
Official Language: Spanish
Geographical Borders: Honduras to Southeast, Belize to East, Mexico to West, Pacific Ocean to Southwest
Monetary Unit: Quetzal
    Economic Overview:
  • Mahogany, petroleum, lead, nickel, zinc, coffee beans, cotton, sugar, corn, livestock

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Guyana

Flag Official Title: Guyana
Capital: Georgetown
Population: 739,000
Area: 83,000 sq. miles
Official Language: English
Geographical Borders: Venezuela, Brazil, Suriname
Monetary Unit: Guyana Dollar
    Economic Overview:
  • Exports- bauxite, sugar, mineral, gold, diamonds
Interesting Facts: There is great diversity of racial and ethnic groups in Guyana. The two largest groups consist of people of African decent called "Creoles," and the dependents from India who make up more than half of the total population.
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Honduras

Flag Official Title: Republic of Honduras
Capital: Tegucigalpa
Population: 4,000,000
Area: 43,277 sq. miles
Official Language: Spanish
Geographical Borders: Caribbean Sea on Northeast, Pacific Ocean to Southwest, Guatemala to Northwest
Monetary Unit: Lempira
    Economic Overview:
  • Resources- bananas, coffee, cattle
  • Manufacturing- textiles, paper, cement, beer, soft drinks

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Mexico

Flag Official Title: United Mexican States
Capital: Mexico City
Population: 95,202,000
Area: 756,066 sq, miles
Official Language: Spanish
Geographical Borders: U.S. on North, Guatemala and Belize on South
Monetary Unit: Peso
    Economic Overview:
  • Products- cotton, coffee, wheat, rice, sugarcane, vegetables, corn
  • Industry- textiles, processed food, beverages, chemicals, cement
  • Natural Resources- petroleum, natural gas, coal, iron ore, nickel, gold, copper, silver

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Nicaragua

Flag Official Title: Republic of Nicaragua
Capital: Managua
Population: 3,878,000
Area: 50,200 sq. miles
Official Language: Spanish
Geographical Borders: Costa Rica, Honduras
Monetary Unit: Gold Cerdoba
    Economic Overview:
  • Products- cotton, coffee

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Panama

Flag Official Title: The Republic of Panama
Capital: Panama City
Population: 2,529,902
Area: 77,082 sq. miles
Official Language: Spanish
Geographical Borders: Caribbean Sea on North, Pacific Ocean on South, Columbia on East, Costa Rica on West
Monetary Unit: Balboa
    Economic Overview:
  • Gross National Product- $5.0 billion
  • Imports- $1.5 billion
  • Exports- $380 million

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Paraguay

Flag Official Title: Paraguay
Capital: Asuncion
Population: 4,007,000
Area: 157,048 sq. miles
Official Language: Spanish
Geographical Borders: Bolivia on Northwest, Brazil on East, Argentina on Southwest
Monetary Unit: Guarani
    Economic Overview:
  • Agriculture- cassava, seed cotton, sugarcane, corn, soybeans, sweet potatoes, bananas, oranges, wheat

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Peru

Flag Official Title: Republic of Peru
Capital: Lima
Population: 23,399,000
Area: 496,225 sq. miles
Official Language: Spanish and Quechua
Geographical Borders: Pacific Ocean
Monetary Unit: New Sol
    Economic Overview:
  • Agriculture- bananas, coffee, cotton, potatoes, sugarcane
  • Manufacturing- fish meal, metals, sugar, textiles
  • Mining- copper, iron ore, lead, petroleum, silver, zinc

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Puerto Rico

Flag Official Title: Commonwealth of Puerto Rico
Capital: San Juan
Population: 3,522,037
Area: 3,427 sq. miles
Official Language: Spanish and English
Geographical Borders: Atlantic Ocean, Caribbean Sea
Monetary Unit: U.S. Dollar
    Economic Overview:
  • Resource- Sugarcane, livestock, limestone, clay, sand, gravel

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Suriname

Flag Official Title: Republic of Suriname
Capital: Paramaribo
Population: 402,385
Area: 63,039 sq. miles
Official Language: Dutch, English, Tongo
Geographical Borders: Guyana on West, Brazil on South, French Guyana on East, Atlantic Ocean on North
Monetary Unit: Suriname Guilder
    Economic Overview:
  • Minerals- bauxite, iron ore
  • Agriculture- rice, bananas, palm oil
  • Industry- bauxite mining, aluminum production
  • Exports- alumina, aluminum, bauxite
  • Import- petroleum, iron, steel, cotton, flour

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Uruguay

Flag Official Title: Eastern Republic of Uruguay
Capital: Montevideo
Population: 1,246,500
Area: 68,039 sq. miles
Official Language: Spanish
Geographical Borders: Brazil on Northeast, Argentina on West, Atlantic Ocean on Southeast and South
Monetary Unit: Peso
    Economic Overview:
  • Imports- $1.3 billion
  • Exports- $1.6 billion

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Venezuela

Flag Official Title: Republic of Venezuela
Capital: Caracas
Population: 17,000,000
Area: 352,143 sq. miles
Official Language: Spanish
Geographical Borders: Caribbean Sea, Atlantic Ocean, Colombia, Brazil, Guyana
Monetary Unit: Bolivar
    Economic Overview:
  • Agriculture- rice, maize, sugarcane, cattle, coffee, cotton, beans
  • Industry- oil refining, petroleum products, iron, steel, aluminum, textiles, leather goods, tires
  • Minerals- oil, iron ore, bauxite, diamonds, gold
  • Exports- oil and petroleum products, aluminum, iron ore
  • Imports- machinery, transportation equipment, foodstuffs

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